Reactive, Multifunctional Polymer Films through Thermal Cross-linking of Orthogonal Click Groups

Spruell, J.M.; Wolffs, M.; Leibfarth, F.A.; Stahl, B.C.; Heo, J.H.; Connal, L.A.; Hu, J.; Hawker, C.J.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.;
2011
133, 16698-16706.

The ability to produce robust and functional cross-linked materials from soluble and processable organic polymers is dependent upon facile chemistries for both reinforcing the structure through cross-linking and for subsequent decoration with active functional groups. Generally, covalent cross-linking of polymeric assemblies is brought about by the application of heat or light to generate highly reactive groups from stable precursors placed along the chains that undergo coupling or grafting reactions. Typically, these strategies suffer from a general lack of control of the cross-linking chemistry as well as the fleeting nature of the reactive species that precludes secondary chemistry. We have addressed both of these issues using orthogonal chemistries to effect both cross-linking and subsequent functionalization of polymer films by mild heating, which results in exacting control of the cross-link density as well as the density of the residual stable functional groups available for subsequent, stepwise functionalization. This methodology is exploited to develop a strategy for the independent and orthogonal triple-functionalization of cross-linked polymer thin-films through microcontact printing.